Ulcerative Colitis is a condition that comes under Inflammatory Bowel Disease. In this condition, the inner lining of the colonic wall develops small breaks called ulcers. The disease can involve only a part of the colon or rectum or if severe can involve the entire colon.
Two of the main reasons behind the cause of this disease are heredity and immune dysfunction. Now the question is how is the disease treated? Can it be cured through medications or surgical treatment is mandatory?
Read below to find out the solutions:
Treatment through medication
The disease can be classified as mild or severe based on the patient’s symptoms. In case of mild pain in the abdomen area doctors prescribes drugs which help to reduce the inflammation in the inner walls. At the very first stage, the drugs will reduce the abdominal discomfort and pain. Sometimes antibiotics are also prescribed to control associated infections.
How can surgical treatment cure Ulcerative Colitis?
Mild symptoms respond to medications. However, if you have severe symptoms like excess bleeding or passage of mucus in stools or if you have been suffering from the disease for a long surgery is the only and best option. Another important issue is that patients with long-standing inflammation in the colon have an increased chance of developing cancer in the colon or rectum. Hence surgery is the best solution to remove the disease and prevent cancer. Proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the commonly conducted surgical procedure. In this procedure, small incisions are made in the abdominal wall and the entire colon and rectum are removed and small intestine is designed like rectum and joined to the anal canal so that the patient can pass stools normally.
In an emergency situation, because of severe disease or severe bleeding, a proctocolectomy and ileostomy are done -the entire colon and rectum are removed and the small intestine is brought out and sutured to the skin as an ileostomy. Once the patient is healthy, the ileostomy is closed and the patient can pass stools normally.
Mail us: firstname.lastname@example.org
Book appointment: surgicalgastro.com/book-appointment/