Obesity is no longer a cosmetic issue. It is a long term medical disease due to an excessive amount of body fat. Annually around 300,00 deaths are marked worldwide due to obesity. It is the second leading cause of avertible deaths. A very obese person may experience different health issues due to the additional weight that may include:
Obesity has an active genetic component. Children of obese parents are much more likely to become obese. Obesity occurs when the body stores the excess amount of calories as fat. Obesity does not happen overnight. It develops gradually over time, as a result of poor diet and lifestyle choices. Body mass index(BMI) greater than or equal to 30 confirms a person to be obese. You can control your weight by following dietary changes, exercise, and weight loss medications. Surgery is recommended for weight loss in certain severely obese patients who haven't responded to dietary measures and exercises..
What are the surgical treatments performed for obesity?
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy
The procedure involves significant reduction in the capacity of the stomach by reducing the size of the stomach through a key hole surgery... Approximately 80 percent of stomach is removed through a small It takes around 60 minutes to complete the procedure.
Mini Gastric Bypass
This procedure involves a combination of restriction of food intake and malabsorption of food, thus leading to weight loss.
Roux-en-y Gastric Bypass
This procedure too is a combination of restriction of food intake along with malabsorption of food. It's little technically more complex compared to the other procedures and is usually done for very obese patients and for those who don't lose much weight after the above procedures...
All the surgical procedures are performed through laparoscopic or key hole surgery - where the surgeon makes small cuts in your belly and does the procedure..
Hospital stay is typically less than a week and you are given a specific dietary schedule to be followed for a month.
Patients who had undergone the bariatric surgery procedures have attained 30 to 40 per cent of weight loss within one year. Most of the other health problems which occurred due to obesity also are resolved after undergoing the above-mentioned weight loss surgery.
Blog Reviewed By: Dr N P Kamalesh
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